Topic 7: Environmental value systems

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7.1.1: State what is meant by an environmental value system.

Environmental Value System: the 'world view' or set of paradigms that shape the ways that individuals and groups approach environmental issues.

7.1.2: Outline the range of environmental philosophies with reference to figure 6.

(Figure 6)

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There are
  • Deep ecology (ecocentric)
  • Soft ecology (between ecocentric and anthropocentric)
  • Environmental managers (anthropocentric)
  • Cornucopians (technocentric) (play this game to help you revise!)

7.1.3: Discuss how these philosophies influence the decision‑making process with respect to environmental issues covered in this course.

Deep ecology: a need for spiritual revolution to fix environmental problems is at the core of all environmental issues. Nature is at the center, equal rights for species. (nature before human)

Soft ecology: self-sufficiency in resource management. Ecological understand a principle for all aspect of living. Shun large scale profti motives for action, for small-scale community orientated schemes.

Environmental managers: no radical political agenda but promote working to create change within the existing social and political structures. Current economic growth can be sustained if environmental issues are managed by legal means or political agreement. (believe that the environment can be used if manage properly)

Cornucopians: a perspective that doesn't really see environmental issues as "problems" as humans have always found a way out of diffculties in the past. New resources and technologies will solve any environmental problems as they are encountered. There is no need for radical agendas, socio-economic or political reform. (don't care for the environment; human come first)

7.1.4: Outline key historical influences on the development of the modern environmental movement.

Please refer to your own powerpoint and help edit the timeline below (if possible, please add your own powerpoint on it)


7.1.5: Compare and contrast the environmental value systems of two named societies.

You can use this one or use your own.

Buddhism believed that
  • Suffering exists
  • Suffering arises from attachment to desires
  • Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases

Buddhism believe living in balance with nature, therefore they tend to be more ecocentric and have philosophy very similar to that of the deep ecologists.

Also Buddhism's vegetarian diet would benefit the environment as well.
Tradition Judaeo-Christian believes that the nature was created by God for mankind. Man are in charge of the nature.

Thus they philosophy are closer towards anthropocentric (having responsibility to provide better stewardship) or Cornucopians (we can do whatever we want to the planet because God gave it to us)

7.1.6: Justify your personal viewpoint on environmental issues.

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